The role of injuries and concussions in collegiate athlete well-being and depression
Andrew Wolanin, Kean University, USA
Theme: Clinical issues
Program ID: LEC-11B
Presentation: October 4, 2013 8:15 am - 9:30 am
Empirical studies indicate that athletes are just as likely as the general population to suffer from depression (Reardon & Factor, 2010). Findings from these studies suggest that the prevalence rate of depression among high level athletes range from as low as 15.6% to as high as 21% (Proctor & Boan-Lenzo, 2010; Yang et al, 2007). To date, one of the most widely studied risk factors for psychological distress among athletes has been sports injury. Yet, there have only been a handful of studies which have directly investigated depressive symptoms among athletes following sports injury (Appaneal, Rockhill-Levine, Perna, & Roh 2009; Brewer & Petrie, 1995; Leddy, Lambert, & Ogles, 1994). Therefore, the purpose of this presentation will be to discuss results from our current study which compared the prevalence rate of depression among athletes with and without a history of injury and concussions. The following measures will be administered to a sample of 350 Division I student-athletes from three Universities in the northeastern United States; a Demographic Questionnaire (including history of injury and concussions); the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977), the Action and Acceptance Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II; Bond et. al, 2007), and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS; Crowne & Marlowe, 1960). The MCSDS is being utilized to ensure reliable results. Initial data from the current study suggest that there is a relationship between athletic injury and depressive symptoms. Among the 50 college athletes surveyed, 52.6% of those reporting multiple injuries within the past year rated themselves as experiencing clinically significant symptoms of depression. Additionally, 50% of athletes with a history of concussion reported clinically significant levels of depression. Differences regarding type of injury, sport, gender, and collegiate level will be presented. Discussion will include treatment options and the rationale for a multidisciplinary approach.