Preseason Injury Anxiety and Kinesiophobia of Intercollegiate Athletes
Britton Brewer, Springfield College, USA
Poster Number: 122
Program ID: POS-2
Presentation: October 4, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Postinjury emotional disturbance typically dissipates within the first month after sport injury. Nevertheless, the residual psychological effects of injury may persist even after athletes return to play. For example, athletes who indicated that they had experienced an injury in the previous year reported higher levels of perceived risk of injury and worry about sustaining an injury compared to athletes who reported no injuries in the previous year (Reuter & Short, 2005; Short, Reuter, Brandt, Short, & Kontos, 2004). Extending the research of Short and her colleagues, the purpose of the current study was to examine the injury anxiety and kinesiophobia (fear of movement) of intercollegiate athletes during preseason as a function of recent injury history. Participants were 144 male American football players, 68 male soccer players, and 24 female field hockey players. During preseason, participants reported on injuries they had experienced in the previous year that restricted their sport participation and completed measures of injury anxiety and kinesiophobia. No gender and sport differences in injury anxiety and kinesiophobia were found, so the data for American football, soccer, and field hockey players were aggregated. Results indicated that participants who reported having an injury that restricted their sport participation in the previous year had significantly higher kinesiophobia scores than participants who reported having no injuries in the previous year. Among participants who reported experiencing a musculoskeletal injury in the previous year, those who indicated that their injury was mild or moderate had significantly higher kinesiophobia scores than their counterparts who labeled their injuries as severe. The findings suggest that a recent history of injury is associated with preseason elevations in kinesiophobia and that the relationship between injury history and kinesiophobia may be moderated in unexpected ways by injury severity.