TEMPORAL CHANGES IN SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION IN MALE AND FEMALE NCAA DIVISION-II COLLEGIATE STUDENT ATHLETES OVER A FALL ATHLETIC SEASON
Lindsey McGuire, Temple University, USA
Theme: Clinical issues
Program ID: LEC-11A
Presentation: October 4, 2013 8:15 am - 9:30 am
Depression has been identified within 14.8 million Americans and is the leading cause of disability in the United States (Kessler et al., 2005). Despite the fact that college students are at an increased risk for depression, reported depression rates in collegiate student-athletes are varied and inconclusive. Sport participation has been shown to both hinder and improve the mental health of athletes (Proctor & Boan-Lenzo, 2010; Storch et al., 2005). Additionally, almost all epidemiological studies of depression involve cross-sectional data, only providing a snap-shot of the disease or symptoms at one fixed moment. Depression has been shown to improve in as early as 4 weeks with physical activity (Doyne et al.,1987), and to remit in a relatively short period of time even in the absence of treatment (Beck, 1967). Because of this, clinicians and researchers have argued depression should be treated as a temporal variable in longitudinal investigations (McDougall et al., 2008). To date, no longitudinal studies have been conducted evaluating the course of depression in collegiate student-athletes. The present study evaluated symptoms of depression in 240 NCAA Division-II student-athletes using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) biweekly throughout an entire fall athletic season. Over the course of six biweekly time-intervals, 15 (6.25%) athletes were found to have moderate to severe levels of depressive symptoms at one interval; 10 of these athletes had moderate to severe levels of depression at more than one interval. Descriptive statistics and a repeated measures analysis of variance for each time interval will be presented. The outcomes from this study have clinical significance in promoting lifelong physical and mental well-being in student-athletes. The focus of this presentation will be on the importance of facilitating mental health evaluation for collegiate student-athletes in preparticipation exams, after athletic injury, and throughout sport involvement.