Team Motivational Climate, Motivation, Moral Disengagement, and Prosocial/Antisocial Behavior in Sport
Ken Hodge, University of Otago, New Zealand
Theme: Motivation and self-perceptions
Poster Number: 57
Program ID: POS-1
Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships amongst team motivational climate, athletes’ basic needs satisfaction (autonomy, competence and relatedness), motivation, and prosocial/antisocial behavior in sport. In addition, moral disengagement was examined as a potential mediator of the relationship between motivation (autonomous & controlled) and antisocial behavior. Seventy three ice hockey players (n = 38 females) from Australia and New Zealand (mean age = 29.25 years, SD = 9.36) completed a questionnaire that assessed coach and teammate controlling and autonomy-supportive behaviors, satisfaction of basic psychological needs, motivation, moral disengagement and prosocial/antisocial behavior in sport. Results indicated that teammate and coach autonomy-support were positively associated with basic needs satisfaction. Teammate controlling climate, but not coach controlling climate, was negatively associated with relatedness, autonomy and competence. Basic needs satisfaction was positively associated with autonomous motivation. Mediation analysis and bootstrap confidence intervals confirmed moral disengagement as a mediator of the relationship between controlled motivation and antisocial behavior. This study advances previous research by including teammates as an additional social agent and builds on previous work that has examined behavioral outcomes and their association with Self-Determination Theory variables. Practical recommendations for both coaches and teammates will be highlighted in light of the current findings.