Relationship of life values to goal orientations and motivational regulations in sport
Isabel Balaguer, University of Valencia, Spain
Theme: Motivation and self-perceptions
Poster Number: 58
Program ID: POS-1
Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
It has been proposed that life values have an impact on motivation (Schwartz, 1994) and a better understanding of this relationship provides insight into how human functioning can be optimised (Parks & Guay, 2009). However, research on the interplay between values and sport motivation has received limited attention. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine which personal values are related to different motivational characteristics (i.e., achievement goals and motivation regulations) in a sample of athletes. Participants were 301 Spanish competitive athletes (171 men and 130 women), ranging in age from 15 to 45 years (M=24.1; SD=4.7). All of them had been practicing their sport on average four days per week (M= 4.20; SD=1.32), with a mean of two hours per day (M=2.32; SD=0.99) and had participated in sport competitions for approximately 9 years (M=8.56 years; SD=5.21). The athletes responded to a multi-section inventory including the Spanish adaptations of: Schwartz Value Survey (Schwartz, 1992; Balaguer et al., 2006);Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (Duda, 1989; Balaguer et al., 1996) and Sport Motivation Scale (Pelletier et al., 1995; Balaguer et al., 2007). Results revealed that the female athletes scored higher than their male counterparts on benevolence and task orientation whereas the male athletes scored higher on tradition, achievement, power, ego orientation and external regulation. Regression analyses (controlling for gender) revealed task orientation was positively predicted by benevolence and self-direction values while ego orientation was positively predicted by power. Intrinsic motivation was positively related to self-direction and hedonism. Introjected regulation was positively predicted by tradition. Finally, external regulation was negatively predicted by self-direction and positively predicted by power. Findings suggest that there are conceptually coherent associations between basic values and the ways athletes tend to define success and judge their competence as well as their reasons for participating in sport.