Recreational Runners' Problem Solving Experiences During Training Runs: An Exploratory Study

Sharon Hamilton, Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, USA

Theme: Exercise and health behaviors

Poster Number: 31

Program ID: POS-1

Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm

Room: Napoleon


The purpose of the present study was to explore the extent to which recreational runners report engaging in productive problem solving processes during and after training runs. This study examined the extent to which 52 recreational runners reported engaging in social problem solving during and after training runs. Runners completed several surveys including the Training Run Thoughts Questionnaire (TRTQ), a 20-item self-report questionnaire designed in part to reflect D’Zurilla and Goldfried’s (1971) stages of problem solving, and the Attentional Focus Questionnaire (Brewer, Van Raalte and Linder, 1996), a measure designed to assess associational and dissociational thought processes associated with running. The majority of runners reported engaging in problem solving related to training runs in the “sometimes to always” range, and many runners indicated engaging in a variety problem solving process in the “often to always” range. For example, the majority of runners endorsed in the “often to always” range that they think about specific problems they face in their lives (57.7%), that they think about new ways of looking at specific problems (59.5%), that they think about potential solutions to specific problems (60.4%), that they think about the pros and cons of possible solutions (55.7%), and that their emotions related to specific problems change for the better (71.5%) during training runs. Runners also endorsed in the “often to always” range that they remember new ways of looking at specific problems (52%), that they remember solutions generated during training runs (61.5%) and that they have implemented these solutions (48.2%) . In addition to examining the TRTQ descriptively, the internal consistency of the test and the correlation with the Attentional Focus Questionnaire are examined.

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