Psychosocial correlates of Drive for Muscularity in Male Collegiate Athletes
Trent Petrie, University of North Texas, USA
Theme: Clinical issues
Poster Number: 6
Program ID: POS-1
Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Although drive for muscularity has been identified as a potential psychological health problem for male athletes (Petrie & Greenleaf, 2012), few studies have examined the psychosocial variables that have been proposed as risk factors. Male collegiate athletes (n = 187) from 3 NCAA Division I universities, representing 15 different sports (e.g., football, basketball, ice hockey, cheerleading, track and field), participated; Mage was 20.32 years; BMI was 24.99 kg/m2; 77% were White/NonHispanic. Athletes completed measures related to the following constructs: General Societal Pressures about Body Size and Weight (e.g., family, friends, media), Sport Specific Pressures about Body Shape and Weight (e.g., coaches, teammates, judges), Body Dissatisfaction, Negative Affect (e.g., sad, anxious), and Drive for Muscularity. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that each set of psychosocial measures predicted increases in Drive for Muscularity: General Societal Pressures, F (5, 181) = 7.73, p < .001, DeltaR2 = .18; Sport Pressures, F (3, 178) = 5.59, p < .001, DeltaR2 = .07; Body Dissatisfaction, F (3, 175) = 7.20, p < .001, DeltaR2 = .08; and Negative Affect, F (4, 171) = 3.76, p < .01, DeltaR2 = .05. The overall model was significant, F (15, 171) = 7.10, p < .001, AdjR2 = .33; examination of the beta values in the full model revealed that pressures about body size/shape and weight from coaches (beta = .22) and teammates (beta = .22) and feeling guilty and ashamed (beta = .22) explained higher levels of drive for muscularity amongst the athletes. These findings provide initial support for the contention that pressures from important others within the sport environment (as opposed to pressures from family, friends, media) about body and weight are more salient in determining the extent to which male athletes are focused on increasing their muscularity and engaging in specific behaviors to do so.