Psychological Competitive Abilities of Japanese 2012 London Olympic Athletes
Yasuhisa Tachiya, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Japan
Theme: Elite performance
Poster Number: 22
Program ID: POS-1
Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Japanese athletes got the 38 medals (7 gold, 14 silvers, and 17 bronzes) London Olympic Games 2012. It was the greatest results in Japan. Japan Institute of Sports Sciences investigated the psychological competitive abilities of Japanese athletes on national teams before London Olympic Games. The purpose of this study was to analyze the psychological competitive abilities of Japanese 2012 London Olympic athletes by utilizing Diagnostic Inventory for Psychological Competitive Ability (DIPCA.3). Tokunaga et al. (1988) developed the inventory that consists of 52 items in questionnaire (including 4 lie scales), and 12 mental scales : patience, aggressiveness, volition for self-realization, volition for winning, self-control, ability to relax, concentration, confidence, decisiveness, predictive ability, judgment, and cooperation. The highest score is 240 (20 for each item). This inventory is the most popular sport psychological tool in Japan. The total of 291 (male: 137, female: 154) athletes, who competed in London 2012, completed DIPCA.3. The results showed that the average scores of DIPCA.3 in all athletes were 180.9. The analysis of gender comparison indicated that the total average score of males was higher than that of the female (p<0.05). Also, the score of confidence, decisiveness, predictive ability in males were higher than that of female (p<0.05). Moreover, by comparing medalists to non-medalists, the total average score of medalists was higher than that of non-medalists (p<0.01). In addition, the medalists’ scores in patience, aggressiveness, self-control, concentration were higher than that of non-medalists (p<0.05). The results indicated that the Japanese medalists’ score of DIPCA.3 were higher than that of non-medalists in the Japanese 2012 Olympic representatives.