Pre- and Post-Camp Within Subject Quantitative Findings
Andrew Driska, Michigan State University, USA
Theme: Youth sport
Program ID: SYM-15
Presentation: October 4, 2013 8:15 am - 9:30 am
This study measured and compared the changes in psychological attributes of wrestlers at the beginning and the conclusion of a two-week intensive wrestling camp. Eighty-nine wrestlers between the ages of 14-18 completed an 84-item questionnaire administered both at the beginning and conclusion of the camp. The questionnaire measured 10 psychological attributes correlated to athletic success through the use of three psychometrically valid instruments – the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 (ACSI-28), State Hope Scale, and Trait Sport Confidence Inventory (TSCI). The questionnaire also assessed athlete self-regulation using the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ). One-sample t-tests compared mean values for each attribute pre-camp and post-camp. Results from the BRSQ indicated a significant increase (p<.00) in autonomous forms of regulation and a significant decrease (p<.00) in controlled forms of regulation over the duration of the camp. Wrestlers showed significant increases (p<.05) on five attributes measured by the ACSI-28, including coping with adversity, coachability, achievement motivation and confidence, goal setting and mental preparation, and freedom from worry, in addition to significant increases (p<.00) in trait sport confidence (TSCI). Wrestlers showed significant increases (p<.00) in both agency (the belief that one can shape future outcomes) and pathways (the belief that one can find pathways to desired outcomes), as measured by the State Hope Scale. Results suggest that participating in the camp correlated with increases in eight psychological attributes that impact athletic success. Furthermore, the improvements in state hope, specifically agency and pathways, two attributes that are likely transfer to contexts outside of sport, suggest that increasing hope is, in part, one of the ways in which the camp builds a general life-skill set.