NCAA Division I and III Track and Field Coaches Perceptions of Occupational Stress
Lawrence Judge, Ball State University, USA
Poster Number: 90
Program ID: POS-2
Presentation: October 4, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Research on stress in the workplace provides evidence that high levels of negative stress can lead to performance deficits (Gilboa, et al., 2008), physical health issues (Chandola, et al., 2006), and psychological issues (Stanfeld & Candy, 2006). These effects are also found in workplace stress research on sport coaches (e.g., Drake & Herbert, 2002; Kelley & Baghurst, 2009). Besides being an expert in the sport, track and field coaches must also perform managerial functions including planning, budgeting, organizing, staging, coordinating, reporting, and representing. The purpose of this study was to investigate sources of occupational stress for NCAA Division I and Division III Track and Field Coaches. A modified version of the Administrative Stress Index (ASI) measured the multidimensional nature of stress related to four factors: role-based stress, task-based stress, boundary-spanning stress, and conflict-mediating stress. A total of 67 (44.51 + 10.81 yrs.) experienced (14.75 + 10.00 yrs.) track and field coaches responded. The descriptive analysis of the ASI indicated task-based roles (26.19 + 7.87) as most stressful. Role based stress (16.33 + 5.78) was also an area of concern. Conflict mediating stress (6.82 + 2.87) indicated the lowest mean. In the ASI statistical analysis, using a multiple regression analysis, no significant relationships were perceived between stress and measured variables; age, number of years served, daily hours, and enrollment. None of the four factors were found to be significant. The implications of this study are two-fold. Coaches can identify task-based and role-based activities, expect higher stress and cope appropriately. Age, number of years served, daily hours and size of school made no significant impact in the coach’s perception of occupational stress. Regardless of these variables, coaches must be ready to cope with high-stress tasks in order to promote health and productivity.