Interpersonal Process Recall (IPR): a tool to enhance supervisee’s self-awareness
Gualberto Cremades, Barry University, USA
Theme: Professional development and mentoring
Program ID: LEC-06A
Presentation: October 3, 2013 8:15 am - 9:30 am
A major component in the supervision process is the emphasis of self-awareness on both parties (i.e., supervisor and trainee). The importance of developing self-awareness in sport psychology professionals has been recently published in the literature (Anderson, Knowles, & Gilbourne, 2004; Knowles, Gilbourne, Tomlinson, & Anderson, 2007), specifically through reflective practice. A mechanism being used to enhance supervisees’ self-awareness is ‘Interpersonal Process Recall’ (IPR) (Kagan, 1975; Kagan & Kagan, 1997). The purpose of this presentation is to introduce IPR as a method for enhancing self-awareness and professional practice. IPR allows people to become better listeners and more effective communicators through the use of video recording. The role of the supervisor is to facilitate and encourage self-discovery by the supervisee. Three stages will be highlighted in the IPR method. First, the trainee and supervisor review a video of the trainee’s interview with his/her client. Through a series of short open-ended questions the supervisor attempts to explore what was going on in the mind of the trainee at various times during the interview session. The supervisor must ask, listen and learn rather than attempt to counsel the trainee during the recall process. During the recall, the supervisor should avoid interpretation of events and responses. Interpretations as to why something may have been happening should be noted and left for later (during the third stage). Second, the supervisor prompts the trainee to write up the “lessons learned” from the IPR session. This exercise gives the supervisee another opportunity for self-reflection and self-awareness enhancement. Last, a constructive discussion emanates between supervisor/supervisee about the lessons learned and IPR experience. Taking this 3-stage approach will enable the trainee to use IPR as an effective self-awareness enhancing mechanism.