Examination of a Hazing Workshop Intervention for Intercollegiate Sport Club Athletes
Linda Keeler, Western Washington University, USA
Theme: Aggression, violence, and moral behavior
Poster Number: 1
Program ID: POS-1
Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Allan and Madden (2008) found that 74% of varsity athletes, 64% of club sport athletes, 49% of intramural sport participants, and 42% of recreational club members experienced hazing. Hazing can result in both severe psychological and physical damages (Allan & Madden, 2008) and is illegal in 44 states (Stophazing.org, 2010). Despite the prevalence of hazing, there has been limited research on the topic (e.g., Keeler & Clement, 2006; Hoover, 1999; Van Raalte, Cornelius, Linder & Brewer, 2007) and no known intervention studies. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of an interactive, educational workshop on hazing knowledge, intentions to haze and intentions to prevent hazing. Components of the workshop included discussion on hazing definitions, prevalence, causes, consequences, and prevention. A quasi-experimental design with a pre-test and post-test for the intervention group and a single observation of a control group was utilized. Nineteen sport club officers (11 women, 8 men) at a midsize university served as the intervention group and a convenience sample of 44 sport club athletes (24 women, 20 men) served as a control group. Club officers had higher hazing knowledge at baseline than the control group (p=.01, ?2 = .13), yet still increased their hazing knowledge from pre to post (p<.01, ?2 = .42). However, intentions to haze and the intentions to prevent hazing did not differ among groups. The intervention group increased their knowledge of where to report hazing acts (p<.01, ?2 = .47) and attitudes toward alternative activities to hazing (p<.05, ?2 = .26). from pre to post. Recommendations for future research and hazing interventions will be provided with the goal of decreasing hazing in sport and thereby decreasing threats of well-being in the athletic experience.