Evaluation of the Impact of a Brief Intervention on Perceptions of Collective Efficacy in Collegiate Club Sport Teams
Arthur Montejano, California State University, Fresno, USA
Jenelle Gilbert, California State University, Fresno, USA
Theme: Mental training/interventions
Poster Number: 127
Program ID: POS-2
Presentation: October 4, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Collective efficacy (i.e., a group’s belief in its conjoint ability to perform successfully) has been associated with enhanced group functioning, performance, and resilience (Bandura, 1997; Watson, Chemers, & Preiser, 2001). Sport teams seeking a competitive edge may benefit from interventions designed to enhance perceptions of collective efficacy; however, little research exists on the effect of interventions on perceptions of collective efficacy (Feltz, Sullivan, & Short, 2008). The purpose of the study was to determine whether two collective efficacy interventions were effective in changing intercollegiate club team sport athletes’ perceptions and whether any changes were sustained over time. Two interventions were developed to address elements of collective efficacy (goal setting, verbal persuasion, and task-oriented focus) in a manner consistent with the literature (Feltz et al.). The first intervention consisted of an experiential learning program (ELP) offered in a challenge (i.e., ropes) course setting. More specifically, the ELP consisted of a series of challenge course elements followed by debriefing sessions through which participants explored collective efficacy concepts in an emergent manner. The second intervention was based on the Game Plan Format (GPF; Gilbert, 2011) and used sport terms (Warm-up, Drill, etc.) and a multi-method approach to help participants learn about collective efficacy in a classroom setting prior to applying the concepts in two challenge course elements. Participants completed the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports (CEQS; Short, Sullivan & Feltz, 2005) four times: baseline, pretest, posttest, and follow up. Focus group data complemented the CEQS data. Results indicated that perceptions of collective efficacy were enhanced immediately after intervention. Over time, perceptions were dependent on effective application of collective efficacy concepts as well as team performance in competition. These findings are discussed and supplemented with quotes from participants. Implications for mental training practitioners and intervention design are also discussed.