Abstract

Concurrent Consideration of Identity and Cohesion in Sport Contexts

Presenters:
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Theme: Social and cultural diversity

Program ID: WKSP-36

Presentation: October 5, 2013 2:45 pm - 3:45 pm

Room: Elmwood

Abstract:

It may be tempting to view identity (an intrapersonal concept) and cohesion (an interpersonal concept) as discrete entities. However, the development of a personal identity may be viewed as an adaptive aspect of oneself that develops over time and only within various social contexts (e.g., peers, families, teams). Moreover, enhanced levels of intimacy and connectedness within such groups may further promote identity development. In sport, it is possible various forms of identity are linked with team cohesion, and vice versa. Drawing from traditional theoretical perspectives on identity (i.e., Erikson, Sullivan, Social Identity Theory) and cohesion (i.e., Vealey’s cohesion model), conceptual links will be articulated between the two constructs. After covering such central linkages, workshop attendees will be shown two role plays. The first is based upon a case study (and subsequent article) affiliated with one of the presenters. This case involves an individual whose racial identity may impact the relative lack of belongingness and cohesion she experiences on her volleyball team. The second role play will demonstrate how an athlete’s sexual identity and orientation may impact group cohesion in a sport context. In both cases, the role play will demonstrate how identity and cohesion may be meaningfully extracted in an applied context, and show plausible intervention techniques. Thereafter, the audience shall be prompted to generate their own ideas (with paper and pencil) about how they could simultaneously or independently work on identity and cohesion with these cases and in their own applied work. Then, the audience will break into groups, presenting the finest idea(s) to the entire audience. Given the developmental nature of these topics, the presenters will discuss the applications in relation to various age groups. Together, audience members will be given some useful theories to consider and a handful of techniques for their applied use.

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