Coaches interpersonal styles, basic psychological needs and affective states in Spanish young soccer players: A longitudinal multilevel approach

Ines Tomas, University of Valencia, Spain

Theme: Motivation and self-perceptions

Poster Number: 52

Program ID: POS-1

Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm

Room: Napoleon


This study examined the hypothesized effects of coaches’ interpersonal styles (autonomy support and controlling style) at team level, and basic psychological needs of competence, autonomy and relatedness at individual level, on positive and negative affective states. Additionally, the cross-level interactions between individual and team level variables were analyzed using LISREL 8.80. 597 Spanish male soccer players between 11 and 14 years old (M=12.57, SD=0.54) from 40 teams completed a questionnaire in two different points of one season, assessing coaches’ interactional styles (Time1), basic psychological needs (Time 1) and positive and negative affect (Time 2). Within-group interrater agreement indicated shared perceptions of coaches’ interactional styles among the team, so team aggregated measures were estimated. Prior to test the hypotheses, the null model was assessed to test whether within – and between – group variance in outcome variables existed. Results indicated that this condition was not satisfied with negative affect, so running its multilevel analyses was not justified, but it was satisfied with positive affect and a sequence of nested HLM models was developed which sequentially tested the hypotheses with positive affect as the unique outcome. Hierarchical longitudinal linear modelling procedures revealed that basic psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness positively predicted positive affective state. Results also showed positive cross-level effect between coaches´ autonomy support and positive affect (the cross-level effect between coaches’ controlling style and positive affect was not significant). However, cross-level interaction effects were not statistically significant. Beyond the effect of individual level variables (needs satisfaction), it is important to notice that team level autonomy support also affect individual positive affective state. Discussion focuses on the positive impact of the needs satisfaction on positive affect at the individual level, and the fact that this relationship is strengthen under high autonomy support contexts. Research funded by Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (DEP2009-12748

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