Applied Implications of Coaching Efficacy Beliefs for Youth Sport Athletes and Coaches
Christopher Hill, Miami University, USA
Poster Number: 7
Program ID: POS-1
Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
The purpose of this presentation is to examine coaching efficacy, motivation, and coaching qualifications in youth sport coaches. An estimated 35 million children participate in youth sports in the United States. Most of the youth sport coaches, according to the National Alliance for Youth Sports, are volunteers who have very little coaching education or previous sport experience. This presentation will describe the results of a study with 623 female and male youth sport coaches. Participants ranged in age from 19 to 76 years, with a mean age of 42.3 years. They had a mean of 10.7 years of coaching experience and were coaching a variety of youth sports. Seventy percent of the coaches had played the sport they coached at the youth sport level. Each coach in the study completed the Coaching Efficacy Scale for Youth Sport Teams (Myers, Chase, Pierce, & Martin, 2011) and a questionnaire describing their qualifications and motivation to coach. Results indicated that youth sport coaching efficacy varied across the five dimensions of coaching efficacy, with character building efficacy rated the highest (M=3.45) and physical conditioning efficacy rated the lowest (M=2.99). Coaches described their motivation to coach as to have fun and working with children, a way to continue participation in sport, and an opportunity to give back to the community. Most of the presentation will focus on the applied implications of our research findings. The discussion will outline specific ways to improve coaching efficacy in youth sport coaches. Recommendations address how to maintain motivation, improve qualifications, and target how coaching efficacy beliefs can enhance team success, enjoyment, and satisfaction.