An Empowerment Model of Performance Enhancement Training for Organization-Wide Excellence
Justin Foster, Comprehensive Soldier & Family Fitness, USA
Poster Number: 88
Program ID: POS-2
Presentation: October 4, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm
Structuring and implementing a psychological skills training program across large organizations comes with significant limitations both in the U.S. Army and in sport organizations. Even with the Army’s Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness Program (CSF2), it is unfeasible for a practitioner to directly administer a psychological skills training program to each unit. In sports organizations, Weinberg and Williams (2006) note that it is rarely feasible for a practitioner to both administer the program and provide continuous service to a large organization or team. Organizations seeking to leverage sport and performance psychology professionals are forced to find innovative solutions to implement an effective program. To target this issue, Smith and Johnson (1990) developed what they called an “organizational empowerment” model. Kremer and Scully (1998) proposed to target coaches as the recipient of sport psychology services to reach coaches and athletes. This presentation offers one model the U.S. Army is embracing to bring performance enhancement to Soldiers. Based on sport psychology principles, the CSF2 Leader Development Course (LDC) trains leaders to implement mental skills to maximize training and combat performance so Soldiers can be at their best when it matters the most. U.S. Army leaders and athletic coaches need tools to take their organizations further faster. This presentation outlines the LDC as a model for training personnel to leverage their leadership roles to enhance performance. This presentation highlights the education, acquisition, and application cycle of the week-long course including: 1) leader philosophy, 2) psychological skills training model, 3) framework used to facilitate skill integration, 4) hands on application, and 4) follow-up support services. The generalizability of this model to alternative performance contexts will be emphasized. This model can inform organizational interventions across performance domains and expand the reach of sport and performance practitioners to enhance performance in both personal and professional arenas.