Abstract

“Good dive”: Delivery and evaluation of an imagery program to a collegiate diving team.

Presenters:
William Way, Ithaca College, USA

Theme: Mental training/interventions

Poster Number: 41

Program ID: POS-1

Presentation: October 3, 2013 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm

Room: Napoleon

Abstract:

This presentation will outline the delivery of a mental imagery program to a collegiate diving team. Two neophyte practitioners implemented the program under the mentorship of a CC-AASP consultant. Participants included two male and four female divers (Mage = 20.2yrs) with, on average, 6.4 years of competitive experience. Intake measures included a qualitative assessment of season goals and previous imagery use, as well as the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (Martens, Vealey, & Burton, 1990). Evaluative measures included a weekly imagery use journal and an assessment of perceived polysensory imagery ability (Vealey & Greenleaf, 2010). All divers reported using imagery prior to the program, but did not report practicing in a systematic or immersive fashion. For instance, initial perceived imagery ability scores (on a 5-point Likert scale) ranged from 2.6 (for mood and kinesthetic imagery) to 3.4 (for visual imagery and external imagery perspective). Also, average self-reported time practicing imagery outside of consultation increased from 5.1mins to 13.7mins over the first two weeks (5 sessions) of the program. Anecdotally, the athletes found listening to an imagery script to be helpful. Scripts developed for this program conceptually drew from the bioinformational theory (Lang, 1979) and the functional equivalence explanation (Holmes & Collins, 2001). Sample imagery scripts will be shared to illustrate. In an effort to work from a scientist-practitioner model of consulting (e.g., Corrie & Lane, 2009), data collected throughout the program was used to inform development and refinement of the intervention. For example, controllability was a common difficulty that the divers reported, and the authors will discuss strategies used to help the athletes develop this aspect of their imagery ability. Personal reflections on the consulting experience will also be shared, which may be of interest to other novice consultants or CC-AASP practitioners in mentorship roles.

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